In 1923 Jorge Loring Martínez created the company Talleres J. Loring in Carabanchel Alto (Madrid) for the manufacture of aeronautical material.2 In 1934 it became a public limited company, and was renamed Aeronáutica Industrial S.A. (AISA), 3 dedicating itself to building training aircraft under the Fokker license for the Army of the Republic as well as different versions of the Cierva Autogiro Company's autogyro. 4 During the Civil War it was temporarily moved to Alicante. At the end of the war, he returned to Carabanchel5 and continued building small planes with ENMASA engines.
In 1957, taking advantage of the boom in the manufacture of two-, three- and four-wheel vehicles, the production of commercial vehicles that will bear the commercial name of AVIA began, 3 creating a section dedicated to the construction of motorcycle cars, 1 2 with a share capital of 42 million pesetas1 5 although without ever leaving the aeronautical branch.
The first commercial vehicle was the Avia 200 motorcycle car, which was equipped with the Hispano Villiers engine of 197 c.c. of 8.4 CV, rear hydraulic brakes and up to 500 kg of load capacity. It was in production until 1963 in a multitude of versions, depending on its mission.
In 1960, it presented the prototype of its first light truck at the Barcelona Trade Fair: the Avia 2500, which went into production in 1961 with a 61 hp Perkins engine. For this project, AISA had the advice of ENASA-Pegaso's Technical Department, since INI had a 33% stake in AISA.
In 1962 the Avia 3500 with a Perkins engine of 68 hp and 4192c followed and in 1964 the Avia minibus for 15 passengers plus driver. Since this year they have also been manufactured under license in Setúbal (Portugal) by SODAG.1 5 The range is expanding and, with the appearance of the 6500, already in 1969 1500, 2500, 3500, 4000 and 6500 kg models were produced payload. A 7000 kg model appears in 1973. Avia models are appreciated by consumers for having superior finishes than those of the competition.
In the mid-seventies, without leaving the construction of trucks, AISA's interest was focused on improving its buses, eventually building them with 40 seats. For this, it is associated with Motor Ibérica, 5 1 manufacturer of commercial vehicles Ebro, its main competitor, but at the same time a supplier of engines and cabins, and gradually it became a simple second Ebro brand, selling its models in independent dealers. When Nissan Motors bought Motor Ibérica in the 1980s, the Avia brand disappeared from the plans of the new management and the last Avia-branded truck was sold in 1984.
One of the most interesting applications for Avia trucks was the Avia-Deutz fire truck manufactured by the Spanish subsidiary of Klöckner Humbolt Deutz. Based on an Avia 3500L chassis, it had an air-cooled Deutz engine and Magirus fire fighting equipment.
Interest in the Avia 3500 and later the 6500, powered by Perkins in 1962, led the company to build more comfortable and higher capacity coaches.
There is a second European brand called Avia, with a Cummins engine, belonging to the Hinduja Group. In Spain, the commercialization is carried out through Avia-Trucks Ibérica. To avoid confusion, in markets to which Spanish Avia exported, its models were sold under the Alas brand.
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